Just as Army, Navy and Air Force organizations take care of national security at the border, in the same manner the paramilitary forces are responsible for internal security. Being the second largest paramilitary organization in the world, the Indian paramilitary organization also acts as a major support to the Indian defence organizations. The Indian paramilitary organizations are directly under the check of Central Government, and they also help the Law Enforcement Agencies in their operations. With over a million personnel actively performing their services, the paramilitary forces have for long been and will continue to play a crucial role during disasters and natural calamities.
From distance, the paramilitary forces are divided into two tiers. The Central Police Organizations i.e. the COP form the first tier, who usually work independently or in coordination with Indian Federal Agencies and other law enforcement agencies and the other tier being the Central Paramilitary Forces i.e. CPF. The organizations that constitute paramilitary forces of India are:
- Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
- Border Security Force (BSF)
- Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
- Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
- National Security Guard (NSG)
- Railway Protection force (RPF)
- Special Frontier Force (SFF)
- Assam Rifles
- State Police Forces and Coast Guards
- Dedicated patriots
- Strong physical built
- Mental toughness
- Sense of responsibility
- Leadership qualities
- An alert mind
- Willingness to obey orders
Course / Training
Different agencies/organizations conduct different set of written exams for different divisions of paramilitary forces. UPSC conducts a written exam for the post of Assistant Commandant in Central Police Force (CPF). This written exam conducted by UPSC is divided into two sections. The first section comprise questions from the area of General Ability and Reasoning where as the second section is geared to test the English language ability of the applicants. After this written exam, all the candidates who have successfully cleared the written exam are then required to appear for a physical efficiency and medical test.
Just as UPSC conducts a written exam for CPF, in the same manner Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducts written examination for candidates interested in BSF, CRPF, CISF, ITBP and SSB. The written exam conducted by SSC assess the candidate’s ability in areas such as General knowledge, reasoning, numerical ability, language ability etc. After clearing this written exam, the successful candidates have to appear for a personality test and interview.
Aspirants interested in paramilitary services can join as an Assistant Commandant or Sub Inspector in :
- Border Security Force (BSF) – As a BSF personnel one is responsible to take care of the India’s land border during the times of peace. BSF carry out vigilance operations and are in-charge of internal security, anti-infiltration and counter insurgency.
- Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) – As the name suggests, CRPF personnel are the reserve police force who assist the state police to maintain law and order during the times of calamities, riots, insurgency, big crowd gatherings, fighting aggression during war times etc and finally return to barracks once the work is done.
- Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) – ITBP personnel are responsible for protecting and safeguarding our border areas adjoining Tibet. During the times of peace, these are occasion responsible for internal security purposes.
- Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) – CISF officers are responsible for security of industrial establishments and handling labour unrest. They have been entrusted with the responsibility of airport security.
Remunerations, perks and salaries make paramilitary a much sought after career choice. The starting salary ranges between Rs 15,000 – Rs 16,000 excluding perks and allowances. The salary also varies with respect to the organization and their ranks.