Tip 13: How to construct complex sentences?

The complexity of sentences in English depends on tenses, prepositions and conjunctions and many other parts of speech.

Sentences become complex with advanced tenses

A simple Subject-Verb-Object structure changes when we use more advanced timeframes/tenses. In a simple present and simple past tense, the given structure is followed. But when it comes to continuous and perfect tenses, the structure also involves helping verbs. Helping verbs are words that are used with main verbs. Such as is, was, am, were, has, have, had etc.

Complex Sentence Structure 1

Subject-helping verb-Verb-Object (in continuous and perfect tenses)

Examples:

1. Smita is reading the book.

Here, Smita is the subject; Is is the helping verb; reading is the main verb and book is the object.

2. Kartik has completed the task.

Here, Kartik is the subject; has is the helping verb; completed is the main verb and task is the object.

Complex Sentence Structure 1 (a)

Subject-helping verb-been-Verb-Object- Since/for-Time (in perfect continuous tenses)

Examples:

1. Smita has been reading the book since 7 pm.

Here, Smita is the subject; Has is the helping verb; there is "been" which shows perfect continuous tense; Reading is the main verb; for describing the time frame "since" is used as the subject is reading continuously from 7pm.

Sentences become complex with conjunctions

Complex Sentence Structure 2

Subject-Verb-Object-Conjunction-Subject-Verb-Object

oSubject-Helping Verb-Verb-Object-Conjunction-Subject-Verb-Object

Examples:

1. She read that book because it was good.

Here, She is the subject; Read is the verb; book is the object; because is the conjunction and so on.

2. She has completed the task as she is always on time.

Here, She is the subject; Has is the helping verb; Completed is the main verb; as is a conjunction and so on.

Sentences become complex with adverbs, adjectives, prepositions also

The above given two structures are just to get you started on constructing English sentences. When you insert more parts of speech such as adverbs, adjectives, prepositions etc, your sentences become more complex.

Examples:

1. Rakhi is an intelligent girl who lives in that house.

2. The cat climbed on the wall and sat there for a long time.

3. Rohan told me how he had completed his homework on time.

4. Before you attempt any of these structures, it is advisable to learn all the parts of speech.

For more Basic English tips, watch this space!

Tip 13: How to construct complex sentences?
Tip 13: How to construct complex sentences? - By : | Date Published : 28-01-2015 | Category : English Tips |
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The complexity of sentences in English depends on

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