Tip 18: How to study tenses- II

In the last installment of this series, you learnt how to learn the three basic tenses in the most practical way. In this blog, you will learn the importance of continuous tenses.

Commonality between all continuous tenses

  • They were talking about things that are or were continuous
  • The verb will always be in the –ing form
  • All perfect continuous tenses have very specific time-frames mentioned.
  • All simple continuous tenses do not have any specific time-frame.

Present Continuous and Present Perfect Continuous

When an activity is happening at the time of speaking, it is called a present continuous tense. I am writing. This means while this person is saying, he/she is writing. Now take a look:

  • I am writing. (Time frame is at the time of speaking)
  • I have been writing since 7 pm. (Time frame started at 7 pm and is still going on)

Past continuous and Past perfect continuous

In past continuous tense, you talk about an activity that was continuous but is no more happening and whose exact time is not known. Ex- She was crying. But in Past Perfect Continuous, you know the exact time of the beginning of an activity and the exact time of its end. Ex- She had been crying for two hours till he came and comforted her. Now take a look:

  • They were doing homework. (Exact time is not known except that the activity was continuous sometime in the past)
  • They had been doing homework for an hour till their teacher came. (You know exactly when the activity began and when it ended)

Future continuous and Future Perfect Continuous

When you know an activity is going to continue in future for an unknown period of time, you use a future continuous tense. Ex- I will be studying for my exam soon. But in Future Perfect Continuous, you know the period of time for which the activity will continue. Take a look:

  • I will be studying for my exam tomorrow. (You don’t know for how long you will study)
  • I will have been studying for my exam for 3 hours by the end of the day. (You know that by the end of the day, it will have been 3 hours of your study)

However, for beginners, it is advisable to not touch Future Perfect Continuous Tense since it can be very confusing and is rarely used.

 

Tip 18: How to study tenses- II
Tip 18: How to study tenses- II - By : | Date Published : 28-01-2015 | Category : English Tips |
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In the last installment of this series, you learnt how to learn the three basic tense

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